Caffeine is the most widely used behaviorally active drug in the world and is present in many different types of beverages, foods, energy aids, medications, and dietary supplements. Because caffeine ingestion is often integrated into social customs and daily rituals, some caffeine consumers may be unaware of their physical dependence on caffeine. It is estimated that more than 85% of adults and children in the US regularly consume caffeine.
For anyone who has ever tried to quit drinking their favorite caffeinated beverage (my guilty pleasure is fountain soda), you know the associated pains. Headache, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, moodiness, irritability, etc.
The new DSM-5 classifies caffeine withdrawal as a potential disorder (page 506-507 if you don’t believe me). Symptoms usually begin 12-24 hours after the last caffeine dose and peak after 1-2 days of abstinence. Caffeine withdrawal symptoms typically last for 2 to 9 days, with the possibility of withdrawal headaches occurring for up to 21 days.
Gradual reduction in caffeine is suggested to reduce the incidence and severity of withdrawal symptoms.
Research released today shows that women who have a tendency for migraines or have had them in the past, have a greater risk for developing depression.
The study gathered data on more than 36,000 women, who were all classified as not having depression. They were enrolled in the Women’s Health Study and gave information about their history of migraines.
The women also gave information about diagnoses of depression.
From 36,154, a total of 6,456 had current or past problems with migraines, and during the following 14 years of the study, more than half of them developed depression.
Those that had a history of migraines were nearly twice as likely to develop depression as those that had no history of the affliction. The results did not vary substantially, regardless of the type of migraine. Those with aura, which is described as visual disturbances that appear as flashing lights, zigzag lines or a temporary loss of vision, had the same risks as other types of migraine.
It’s useful information that patients and doctors alike should be aware of when treating depression.