HIV Treatment Should Start at Diagnosis

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HIV Treatment Should Start at DiagnosisPeople with HIV should be put on antiretroviral drugs as soon as they learn they are infected, federal health officials said Wednesday as they announced that they were halting the largest ever clinical trial of early HIV treatment because its benefits were already so clear.

The study was stopped more than a year early because preliminary data already showed that those who got treatment immediately were 53 percent less likely to die during the trial or develop AIDS or a serious illness than those who waited.

The study is strong evidence that early treatment saves more lives, the officials said. Fewer than 14 million of the estimated 35 million people infected with HIV around the world are on treatment now, according to U.N.AIDS, the United Nations AIDS-fighting agency. In the United States, only about 450,000 of the estimated 1.2 million with HIV are on treatment, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“This is another incentive to seek out testing and start therapy early, because you will benefit,” said Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, director of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease, which sponsored the trial. “The sooner, the better.”

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HIV/AIDS: Adherence Issues

1-Hour Online CE Course

HIV affects people of all ages, from children born to mothers with HIV, to adolescents, to adults, and elders. Unlike other viruses, the body cannot remove HIV completely. Once a person has HIV, it is there for life. The quality – and quantity – of that life will depend on adherence with treatment. People who live with HIV can live almost normal lifespans and have little risk of transmitting the disease if they use antiretroviral therapy appropriately under medical care. However, only 30% of HIV-infected people follow their antiretroviral regimen well enough to achieve viral suppression.

HIV/AIDS: Adherence Issues is a 1-hour online continuing education (CE/CEU) course for healthcare professionals that discusses adherence issues in populations at high risk for HIV infection, as well as strategies for healthcare professionals to encourage patients to seek and maintain medical treatment. Course #10-88 | 2015 | 17 pages | 10 posttest questions

HIV/AIDS: Therapy & Adherence

3-Hour Online CE Course

HIV/AIDS: Therapy & Adherence is a 3-hour online continuing education (CE/CEU) course for healthcare professionals that also discusses adherence issues in populations at high risk for HIV infection and provides strategies for healthcare professionals to encourage people with HIV to seek and maintain medical treatment. This course is extended to include comorbidities with HIV; illicit drug use; medications; crime, punishment and treatment; pregnancy and HIV; sex workers and HIV; older adults and HIV; legal issues; and access to healthcare. Course #30-78 | 2015 | 43 pages | 22 posttest questions

These online courses provide instant access to the course materials (PDF download) and CE test. Successful completion of the online CE test (80% required to pass, 3 chances to take) and course evaluation are required to earn a certificate of completion. You can print the test (download test from My Courses tab of your account after purchasing) to mark your answers on it while reading the course document. Then submit online when ready to receive credit.

Professional Development Resources is approved to offer continuing education by the American Psychological Association (APA); the National Board of Certified Counselors (NBCC); the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB); the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA); the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA); the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR); the California Board of Behavioral Sciences; the Florida Boards of Social Work, Mental Health Counseling and Marriage and Family Therapy, Psychology & School Psychology, Dietetics & Nutrition, Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, and Occupational Therapy Practice; the Ohio Counselor, Social Worker & MFT Board; the South Carolina Board of Professional Counselors & MFTs; and by the Texas Board of Examiners of Marriage & Family Therapists and State Board of Social Worker Examiners.

HIV/AIDS: Adherence Key to Success

 

Course excerpt from HIV/AIDS: Adherence Issues

HIV and AIDS are medical terms that are linked together due to the progressive nature of HIV, with the end result of untreated (or undertreated) HIV being AIDS. The acronym stands for:

HIV/AIDS: Adherence IssuesH: Human. The virus affects humans.

I: Immuno-deficiency. The virus creates a deficiency in the person’s immune system so it does not work properly to fight disease.

V: Virus. The organism is viral; it replicates itself by hijacking the person’s cells.

A: Acquired. This is not a genetic condition, but an infection that is acquired through a person’s actions or by transmission through infected blood.

I: Immune. The immune system is affected.

D: Deficiency. It makes the immune system deficient in the capacity to fight infection.

S: Syndrome. The compromised immune system allows many different infections and diseases to take hold. Each person has a different experience of AIDS symptoms.

It is important to adopt an inclusive description of those populations who are affected by HIV/AIDS. The virus affects people of all ages, from children born to mothers with HIV, to adolescents, to adults, and elders. While having sex or sharing drug injection equipment with someone who is infected with HIV causes most cases of HIV, it has also affected some individuals who were infected by blood transfusions prior to general testing of the blood supply in the late 1970’s/early 1980’s. Although the first cases began to surface in 1981, it was not until 1985 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) licensed the first commercial blood test, ELISA, to detect antibodies to HIV in the blood. At that time, blood banks began screening the U.S. blood supply (AIDS.gov – https://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/aids-timeline/). Some of the individuals who were infected in those early days are still living today.

Casual contact cannot spread the disease. Shaking hands, using a toilet after a person with HIV, or drinking from a public water fountain will not transmit the disease. HIV is primarily transmitted through behaviors such as:

  • Sex with someone who has HIV. The highest risk is anal sex, but other types of sex are also risky.
  • Having multiple sex partners.
  • Having other sexually transmitted diseases increases the risk of HIV infection during sex.
  • Sharing drug equipment such as syringes, needles, rinse water, or other equipment.

Unlike other viruses, the body cannot remove HIV completely. Once a person has HIV, it is there for life. The quality – and quantity – of that life will depend on adherence with treatment. People with HIV can live almost normal lifespans and have little risk of transmitting the disease if they use antiretroviral therapy appropriately under medical care and avoid risky behaviors. However, only 30% of HIV-infected people are compliant enough with treatment to achieve viral suppression.

HIV/AIDS: Adherence Issues

1-Hour Online CE Course

HIV/AIDS: Adherence Issues is a 1-hour online continuing education (CE/CEU) course for healthcare professionals that discusses adherence issues in populations at high risk for HIV infection, as well as strategies for healthcare professionals to encourage patients to seek and maintain medical treatment. Course #10-88 | 2015 | 17 pages | 10 posttest questions

For a more detailed discussion, see the 3-hour course HIV/AIDS: Therapy & Adherence (these courses contain common material).

Professional Development Resources is approved to offer continuing education by the American Psychological Association (APA); the National Board of Certified Counselors (NBCC); the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB); the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA); the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA); the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR); the California Board of Behavioral Sciences; the Florida Boards of Social Work, Mental Health Counseling and Marriage and Family Therapy, Psychology & School Psychology, Dietetics & Nutrition, Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, and Occupational Therapy Practice; the Ohio Counselor, Social Worker & MFT Board; the South Carolina Board of Professional Counselors & MFTs; and by theTexas Board of Examiners of Marriage & Family Therapists and State Board of Social Worker Examiners.

Florida RDN License Renewal & CE Info

By Gina Ulery, MS, RD, LD/N

Save on CE!

20% Off Online CE!

Florida-licensed dietitians and nutritionists are required to earn 30 hours of continuing education credits during each 2-year licensing cycle in order to renew by May 31st of odd-numbered years. Of the 30 hours:

  • 2 hours on Preventing Medical Errors are required each renewal
  • 3 hours on HIV/AIDS are required for the first renewal only
  • Up to 20 hours may be earned through online (home study) courses
  • No more than 10 hours may be earned in risk management, personal growth, management and educational techniques per biennium
  • All continuing education hours must be reported to CE Broker in order to renew.


Florida RDNs can save 20% on all CE courses @ www.pdresources.org (up to 20 hours allowed per renewal).
Discount will automatically apply at checkout (for Florida Nutrition/Dietetics professionals). Coupon code: PDRPC208

Professional Development Resources is a CPE Accredited Provider with the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR Provider #PR001). CPE accreditation does not constitute endorsement by CDR of provider programs or materials. Professional Development Resources is also a provider with the Florida Council of Dietetics and Nutrition (Provider #50-1635) and is CE Broker compliant (all courses are reported within 1 week of completion).

HIV/AIDS: Therapy & Adherence – New 3-Hour Online CE Course

By: Laura More, MSW, LCSW & Edie Deane-Watson, MS, CCC-A, CCM

HIV/AIDS: Therapy and Adherence is a 3-hour online continuing education (CE/CEU) course that discusses adherence issues in populations at high risk for HIV infection and provides strategies for healthcare professionals to encourage people with HIV to seek and maintain medical treatment.

HIV/AIDS: Therapy & AdherenceHIV affects people of all ages, from children born to mothers with HIV, to adolescents, to adults, and elders. Unlike other viruses, the body cannot remove HIV completely. Once a person has HIV, it is there for life. The quality – and quantity – of that life will depend on adherence with treatment. People who live with HIV can live almost normal lifespans and have little risk of transmitting the disease if they use antiretroviral therapy appropriately under medical care. However, only 30% of HIV-infected people follow their antiretroviral regimen well enough to achieve viral suppression. This course will discuss adherence issues in populations at high risk for HIV infection and provide strategies for healthcare professionals to encourage people with HIV to seek and maintain medical treatment. Comorbidities with HIV; illicit drug use; medications; crime, punishment and treatment; pregnancy and HIV; sex workers and HIV; older adults and HIV; legal issues; and access to healthcare are also examined. Course #30-78 | 2015 | 43 pages | 22 posttest questions

This online course provides instant access to the course materials (PDF download) and CE test. Successful completion of the online CE test (80% required to pass, 3 chances to take) and course evaluation are required to earn a certificate of completion. You can print the test (download test from My Courses tab of your account after purchasing) to mark your answers on it while reading the course document. Then submit online when ready to receive credit.

Professional Development Resources is approved by the American Psychological Association (APA) to sponsor continuing education for psychologists; the National Board of Certified Counselors (NBCC ACEP #5590); the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB Provider #1046, ACE Program); the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA Provider #3159); the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR Provider #PR001); the California Board of Behavioral Sciences (#PCE1625); the Florida Boards of Social Work, Mental Health Counseling and Marriage and Family Therapy (#BAP346), Psychology & School Psychology (#50-1635), Dietetics & Nutrition (#50-1635), and Occupational Therapy Practice (#34); the Ohio Counselor, Social Worker & MFT Board (#RCST100501); the South Carolina Board of Professional Counselors & MFTs (#193); and the Texas Board of Examiners of Marriage & Family Therapists (#114) and State Board of Social Worker Examiners (#5678).